viernes, 10 de febrero de 2017

Effects of curcumin on interleukin-23 and interleukin-17 expression in rat retina after retinal ischemia-reperfusion injury.

Resultado de imagen de retina

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

This study aimed to investigate the effect of curcumin on the retinal structure and the expressions of interleukin-23 (IL-23) and IL-17 in the rat retina after retinal ischemia-reperfusion injury (RIRI).

METHODS:

150 Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly divided into RIRI group (MG), low-dose curcumin group (LDCG) and high-dose curcumin group (HDCG), (n = 50 per group). RIRI was generated by anterior chamber perfusion of normal saline to the right eye. The left eye served as a normal control group (NCG). Rats in LDCG and HDCG received an intraperitoneal injection of 20 mg/kg/d and 100 mg/kg/d curcumin respectively, at 30 min before RIRI and once daily after RIRI.

RESULTS:

The morphological changes in HDCG group were improved as compared to MG and LDCG groups. Immunohistochemistry showed that IL-23 and IL-17 were mainly expressed in the ganglion cell layer and the inner nuclear layer of the retina. Low IL-23 and IL-17 expressions were observed in NCG, but increased significantly in MG and LDCG groups. Western blot assay and ELISA also showed that IL-23 and IL-17 expressions increased significantly after RIRI (vs. NCG, P<0.01). Moreover, the IL-23 expression reached a peak at 24 h, whereas IL-17 expression peaked at 72 h after RIRI. Curcumin reduced IL-23 and IL-17 expressions significantly in a dose-dependent manner (vs. MG, P<0.01).

CONCLUSION:

The IL-23 and IL-17 expressions increase after RIRI and curcumin significantly reduces retinal IL-23 and IL-17 expressions in a dose-dependent manner and is able to prevent the RIRI induced damage to the retina.

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