domingo, 13 de noviembre de 2016

El promotor de las enfermedades occidentales, la leche

Resultado de imagen de contras de la leche de vaca

Milk – The promoter of chronic Western diseases
Bodo C. Melnik *


Department of Dermatology, Environmental Medicine and Health Theory, University of Osnabrück, Sedanstrasse 115, D-49090 Osnabrück, Germany


a r t i c l e i n f o

Article history:
Received 7 December 2008
Accepted 6 January 2009


s u m m a r y


Common chronic diseases of Western societies, such as coronary heart disease, diabetes mellitus, cancer,
hypertension, obesity, dementia, and allergic diseases are significantly influenced by dietary habits. Cow’s
milk and dairy products are nutritional staples in most Western societies. Milk and dairy product consumption
is recommended by most nutritional societies because of their beneficial effects for calcium
uptake and bone mineralization and as a source of valuable protein. However, the adverse long-term
effects of milk and milk protein consumption on human health have been neglected. A hypothesis is presented,
showing for the first time that milk protein consumption is an essential adverse environmental factor promoting most chronic diseases of Western societies. Milk protein consumption induces postprandial
hyperinsulinaemia and shifts the growth hormone/insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF-1) axis to
permanently increased IGF-1 serum levels. Insulin/IGF-1 signalling is involved in the regulation of fetal
growth, T-cell maturation in the thymus, linear growth, pathogenesis of acne, atherosclerosis, diabetes
mellitus, obesity, cancer and neurodegenerative diseases, thus affecting most chronic diseases of Western
societies. Of special concern is the possibility that milk intake during pregnancy adversely affects the
early fetal programming of the IGF-1 axis which will influence health risks later in life. An accumulated
body of evidence for the adverse effects of cow’s milk consumption from fetal life to childhood, adolescence,
adulthood and senescence will be provided which strengthens the presented hypothesis.
2009 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

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